We have a highly qualified team of Croatian interpreters. Interpreting refers to the translation of signed language or spoken words into a target language for the purpose of facilitating live communication between two or more people.
At Universal Language Solutions, our highly experienced Croatian interpreters facilitate communication with the verbal rendition of languages for meetings, conferences, court hearings, HR reviews, formal assessments, training sessions, film shoots and many other scenarios. We also supply and install the necessary equipment including sound insulated booths, sound consoles, microphones and headsets.
There are different types of interpretation of which Simultaneous Interpreting and Consecutive Interpretation are the most common ones. While simultaneous interpreters translate the spoken messages almost instantaneously, as the speaker is speaking, consecutive interpreters translate the messages as and when the speaker pauses to allow interpretation.
Up until the end of World War II, consecutive interpreting was the preferred mode of interpretation. Nuremberg war trials of 1945 are regarded as the first large scale international usage of simultaneous interpreting in several languages. But what led to the successful entry of simultaneous interpretation in the international landscape were three events of huge international importance. First, the founding of the United Nations in 1945, second, the establishment of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 1949, and third, the establishment of the European Coal and Steel Community in 1952.
As United Nations had allowed discussions to happen in five official languages which were, Chinese, French, English, Russian and Spanish, simultaneous interpretation during such meetings had become a necessity. However it was the rapid expansion of European communities, which held almost 9000 meetings every year in 9 languages, that helped propagate and sky rocket the need of armies of simultaneous interpreters. Further due to technological advancements such as the widespread use of televisions, where seconds counted and additional time needed for consecutive interpreting was disliked, simultaneous interpreting further advanced and gained importance.
Simultaneous interpretation allows communication of speech from one language to another in real time. It allows multi lingual presentations and conversations to flow naturally and without delay. Listeners of simultaneously interpreted speech generally use wireless audio receivers to hear the translated speech. This unique advantage of simultaneous interpreting over consecutive interpreting has helped fuel its dramatic gitemth in all spheres of interpretation, including multilingual conferences of international organizations or during multilingual meetings between businessmen, scientists and professionals.
For conferences and larger meetings.
In consecutive interpreting, the interpreter is given sufficient time to analyze the context of the source speech. This additional time aided along with the consecutive interpreters memory and special interpreting notes, consecutive interpreters facilitate far more detailed translation. Thus consecutive interpreting is required in meetings of foreign ministries and large corporation, where accuracy is of crucial importance. For example, consecutive conference interpreting was extensively used during arms control negotiations between the United States and the former Soviet Union, which also led to the SALT and START treaties. The reason why consecutive conference interpreting was used during these meetings was because of the grave importance of details which if lost during the course of interpretation, could have meant losses amounting to billions of dollars and loss of lives as well.
For meetings and presentations with a small audience.
Whispered interpreting is a form of simultaneous interpreting in which the interpreter sits in the conference room, next to the delegate or delegates, who need the interpreting or translations. Whispered interpreter first listens to the speech and then interprets the speech simultaneously and whisper it into the ears of delegate or delegates. Whispered interpreting can only be used for very few delegates sitting or standing together and is often used in bilateral meetings.
Whispering interpreting or ‘chuchotage’ is used when one or two people do not understand the source language.
Liaison or bilateral interpreting
Consecutive interpreting requires collaboration between the speaker and the consecutive interpreter. It begins with the interpreter listening to few minutes of a speech segment, taking notes and then delivering that segment into the target language. Once the first segment is complete, speaker resumes and completes the second segment after which the whole process is repeated, right until the end of the speech.
For small business meetings.
Croatian is spoken by a little over 5.5 million people, mainly in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Serbian province of Vojvodina and the neighbouring countries. Croatian belongs to the South Slavonic group of languages. Other South Slavonic languages are Bosnian, Serbian, Bulgarian, Macedonian and Slovene. The Croatian alphabet consists of thirty phonemes, one letter for each sound. The pronunciation of these letters is constant, which means that it does not vary with its position in a word. There is no absolute rule regarding stressed syllables in the Croatian language, except for one that it is never the final syllable. However in polysyllabic words the stressed syllable is generally the first syllable.
Croatian does not have any articles. The Croatian vocabulary consists of many words related to one another. Most Croatian verbs have two forms, the imperfective and the perfective. Like nouns and adjectives, the pronouns too have different forms depending on their function in a sentence. Every Croatian noun has a gender, which can be masculine, feminine or neuter, which also determines its declension. While most masculine nouns end in a consonant, some masculine nouns end in -o or -e after a soft consonant. The great majority of feminine nouns end in -a. For these nouns the nominative plural ending is -e. A few feminine nouns end in a consonant. For these nouns the nominative plural ending is -i.
Interpreting of oral translations has existed since early times. Some studies hint that it even existed in ancient Egypt. But we know from documented sources that interpreting services were used extensively during exploration and invasion campaigns. For example, it was used by Spaniards when they arrived in Central and South America.
Interpretation is oral translation of oral communication, as opposed to sight translation, which is oral translation of written texts. Few specialized fields in professional interpreting are business interpreting, court interpreting, community interpreting and signed language interpreting.
Interpreting services are used to help people, belonging to diverse backgrounds, communicate during activities such as meetings, training, interviews, mediation, court hearings, news conferences, immigration services, social services, private business communication, community legal education or other group situations.
Interpreters are highly qualified professionals who can fluently speak in at least more than one language and can convert messages accurately and objectively from one language into another. It is the job of the interpreter to convey the information with accuracy. Universal Language Solutions is a leading translation agency in London. Our experienced team of interpreters are highly experienced and knowledgeable in the specific fields for which they perform interpretation, can easily manage the pace of communication between the speaker and listeners and provide essential advice about the cultural differences between the source and target language.
An interpreter should successfully be able to convey the intent and underlying meaning of the speaker. They are highly experienced language experts who can understand, analyze and process the spoken words or messages in sign language, and thereafter translate the message into the target language. Our leading interpreting services London are trusted by a wide range of clients, who come from different backgrounds and cultures.
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